Our staff has drawn legislative, supervisorial, city council, school board and special district seats across California. Our experience in redistricting goes back almost two decades.
Our data-driven approach and extensive knowledge in redistricting allows our team to draw lines that will more accurately and fairly represent all members of your community. Our Chief Demographer will ensure that you understand the different demographics in your district and what that means for the larger goal of drafting equitable boundaries.
The team at Redistricting Insights has worked in every county in the state of California, and in many states around the country, making us uniquely positioned to identify and communicate with stakeholders in a variety of communities.
Racially Polarized Voting Analysis
We recognize the critical role the California Voting Rights Act and US Voting Rights Act play in the drafting of proposed district lines. That is why our team works with your legal counsel to ensure you have the information and data necessary to draw compliant and fair boundaries that elevate the engagement of all segments of your community.
With two decades of experience in redistricting, our team has an intimate understanding of the far reaching implications involved in drawing new boundaries. We give your team insights into past trends and assist in forecasting future trends, so you know the options available in preparing your district for the future.
Redistricting Insights boasts an impressive track record of working at the local level to gather feedback from the community and use it in guiding productive dialogue between the community and local electeds.
Our team of bi-lingual facilitators help create a more equitable environment, drawing out more engagement from minority communities in the redistricting process.
CHIEF LEGAL COUNSEL
Fabian Valdez Jr.
DIRECTOR OF COMMUNICATIONS
LOCAL REDISTRICTING REQUIREMENTS
Time-Frame: The updated boundaries cannot be adopted earlier than August 1, 2021 and every August 1 with a year ending in one and no later than 174 days before the upcoming election occurring after March 1, 2022 and no later than every March 1 with a year ending in 2. 1
- This does not prevent the council from meeting before these dates to discuss the matter
If the council does not adopt council district boundaries by the deadlines set forth above, the council must immediately petition the superior court in the county in which the city is located for an order adopting council district boundaries. If the council does not petition the superior court within five days after that deadline, any resident of the city may file that petition and will be entitled to recover the resident’s reasonable attorney’s fees and costs from the city for doing so. 2
Criteria for redrawing the districts:
- Must meet the requirements of the United States Constitution, federal Voting Rights Act of 1965, California Voting Rights Act and secure equal population in each district before all else3
- Must meet the requirements set forth in the California Constitution in order of priority4
- Geographic Contiguity
- Geographic Integrity to Preserve Communities of Interest
- Easily Identifiable by residents
- Geographic Compactness
- Prohibits favoritism
- Incorporation of a new territory: If a city incorporates a new territory, the city must incorporate that new territory into its nearest existing council district without changing the boundaries of other council district boundaries5
Public Input and Transparency:
- Hearings: When a city transitions from an at-large method of voting to a district-based method of voting, the political subdivision responsible for redrawing the boundaries must fulfill all of the requirements regarding public hearings outlined in the California Constitution, Elections Code, section 10010
- Hearing Requirements6:
- Two hearings held prior to the first map being drawn over a period of no more than 30 days to discuss the matter and allow the public to provide input on the matter.
- The political subdivision must also hold at least two additional hearings over a period of no more than 45 days, which allows the public to provide input regarding the draft map or maps and the proposed sequence of elections.
- After all draft maps are drawn, the political subdivision must publish and release at least one draft map and, if members of the governing body of the political subdivision will be elected in their districts at different times to provide for staggered terms of office, the potential sequence of the elections
- Must be accessible to people with disabilities.
- The date of the hearing must be published five days before the hearing and three days before if the election is less than 179 days7
- Public Outreach: The council must make a good faith effort to reach and encour- age residents, including those in underrepresented communities and non-English speaking communities, to participate in the redistricting public review process. A good faith effort satisfies these requirements8 :
- Provide information to the media organizations that provide city or local news coverage, including media organizations that serve language minority communities.
- Provide information through good governance.
- Provide a live translation if it is requested 72 hours prior to the published hearing date and 48 hours if the hearing is scheduled than five days before notice.
- Draft maps submitted by the council must include total population, citizen voting age population (CVAP), and racial & ethnic characteristics of CVAP in each proposed district.
- A dedicated web page must be created for the sole purpose of publishing an explanation of the process, opportunities for engagement, calendar, hearing notices, maps under consideration, and the final map. Information must be made available in English and any other language in which the city is required to produce on a ballot.
- In-language requirements extended to languages spoken by residents with limited English proficiency who constitute 3 percent or more of the city’s total population9
- Draft maps must be published on the dedicated web page seven days prior to the adoption of the final map and five days if the election is less than 179 days away.
- Public comments and map drafts may be submitted in writing or electronically and must be made available to the public.
- The council must record or prepare a written summary of each public comment and the council must make it available to the public no later than two weeks after the adjournment of the meeting.
- Exemptions10 : Except under certain circumstances, a council cannot adopt new boundaries until the next federal census. These circumstances are:
- A court order to the city to redraw the boundaries.
- The council claims the new map violates the United States Constitution, the Federal Voting Rights Act of 1965, the California Voting Rights Act or the California Constitution.
- The boundaries of a city expands by more than 25% of the city’s current population or there are more than four years until the next redistricting.
- The council is adopting new districts for the first time or is transitioning from an at-large method to district-based.
Cal. Elec. §21622
Cal. Elec. §21609
Cal. Elec. §21500
Cal. Elec. §21601
Cal. Elec. §215603(a)
Cal. Elec. §10010
Cal. Elec. §21628
Cal. Elec. §21508
Cal. Elec. §21607-8
Cal. Elec. §21625